Both Ukraine and Poland have experienced significant changes in their economies since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
While both countries were part of the Iron Curtain and had similar population sizes, their economic growth followed different paths.
In 1990, Ukraine had a higher GDP and GDP per capita compared to Poland.
However, over the past two decades, Poland's economy has grown faster, with its GDP and GDP per capita reaching 489.8 billion USD and 12.707 thousand USD respectively in 2012. In contrast, Ukraine's GDP in 2012 was 176.3 billion USD and its GDP per capita was 3.866 thousand USD.
In the 1990s, both Ukraine and Poland underwent significant economic reforms aimed at transforming their economies from centrally planned to market-oriented systems. However, the pace of reform was different in each country. Poland was one of the first post-Soviet countries to undertake market-oriented reforms, and it quickly attracted significant foreign investment, leading to rapid economic growth. On the other hand, Ukraine struggled to implement economic reforms, and its growth was slower.
One of the key factors that contributed to Poland's faster growth was its successful integration into the global economy. Poland joined the European Union in 2004, which allowed it to access the single market and receive substantial EU funding for infrastructure projects. In addition, Poland attracted a large number of foreign companies that were attracted by the country's low-cost labor and favorable investment climate.
Ukraine, on the other hand, has struggled to integrate into the global economy. Despite its large and well-educated population, the country has been unable to attract significant foreign investment, in part due to its political instability and corruption. In addition, Ukraine has been slow to implement reforms, and its business environment remains challenging for foreign companies.
Another factor that has contributed to Poland's faster growth is its successful agricultural sector. Agriculture is one of the country's key economic drivers, and its agriculture industry has grown rapidly over the past two decades. In contrast, Ukraine's agriculture sector has struggled due to a lack of investment, corruption, and political instability.
In conclusion, the data shows that Poland has outpaced Ukraine in terms of economic growth since the collapse of the Soviet Union. The reasons for this difference are complex, but they include Poland's successful integration into the global economy, its favorable investment climate, and its thriving agricultural sector. If Ukraine is to catch up with its neighbor, it will need to implement significant reforms and tackle its long-standing economic and political challenges.